What exactly are Wrinkles?
Well, wrinkles are creases, folds or lines in the skin. They can form for many reasons but most are due to aging. Ultraviolet radiation from sun exposure wreaks havoc on our skin. It causes the production of the building block of our skin, collagen, to slow and breakdown. This causes thinning of the skin and loss of elasticity and the appearance of fine lines. Smoking further accelerates aging of the skin.
Skin is also backed by a full layer of connective tissue, fat, muscle and bone. It is this underlying support that further gives skin a youthful appearance. As we age or after massive weight loss, we lose this underlying support which leads to wrinkling and sagging of the skin. This tends to cause the deeper lines that we see on our faces.
Wrinkles can also be defined whether they are static or dynamic. Static wrinkles are present all the time while dynamic wrinkles occur only with facial movement. Static wrinkles usually represent sign of aging and loss of collagen. Dynamic wrinkles are normal as we express emotions. However, repeated use of facial muscles can eventually convert dynamic wrinkles into permanent lines. When we are younger the skin easily bounces back but as we age it loses that ability.
Where do Wrinkles form?
Wrinkles can form anywhere on the body where sun damage occurs. The face receives a lot of sun exposure and has many facial muscle movements. This makes face wrinkles very common. The wrinkles tend to form in relation to the muscles of facial expression. They form perpindicular to these muscles. Eye wrinkles form across the eye muscles that close the eye. Forehead wrinkles appear across the muscles that lift the brow. Wrinkles around mouth form across the circular muscle that purses the lips.
How do we Prevent Wrinkles?
Generally what is good for your body is good for your skin. Good nutrition, regular exercise, quality sleep and not smoking are essential for skin health. You can’t expect to lead an unhealthy lifestyle and have good skin. Genetics does play a role in skin health and wrinkles but we have no control over it.
Protecting ourselves from the sun is critical. Sun block, hats, sunglasses and avoiding the sun are all good practices. Mineral makeups and the regular use of antioxidants can also help prevent sun damage to the skin. The best topical treatment prevent wrinkles is the prescription tretinoin cream (retin A). Research has shown that retin a can stimulate skin cell turnover as well as collagen production.
The easiest way to prevent dynamic wrinkles from becoming static wrinkles is with the regular use of neurotoxins like Botox and Dysport. Relaxing the muscles of facial expression will smooth lines and prevent the conversion of these wrinkles into long-lasting facial features. Dermal fillers like Juvederm and Radiesse can restore facial volume and further prevent wrinkle formation.
What is Best for Wrinkles?
Once they have formed, wrinkles are hard to remove. Botox and dysport are used to relax the muscles that caused them and provide some smoothing. However, if they are very deep, they will require filling and support. Dermal fillers like Juvederm and Radiesse can be used to further fill these lines. Fat transfer offers the ability to naturally restore facial volume and smooth wrinkles.
Laser treatments like CO2 Laser Resurfacing can be used to resurface the skin as well as stimulate collagen production. They are ideal for patients that have profound sun damage and signs of aging. Chemical peels can treat superficial to deep wrinkles depending on their depth of penetration.
What do I do for my Face Wrinkles?
The best first step is to make a free consultation with one of our aestheticians or nurse injectors. They will evaluate your skin and formulate a customized treatment plan to prevent and remove wrinkles.