Plastic Surgery & Med Spa in Austin, TX

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Tag: collagen

Eye Wrinkles

What are the types of Eye Wrinkles?Our eyes are constantly opening and closing every time we blink.  Plus, when we smile and make other facial expressions, our eyes have a role too.  All this movement eventually causes wrinkles in the skin around the eyes.  The eye is surrounded by a circular muscle that acts to open and close the eyelid.  The wrinkles that result from its movement, tend to form in lines radiating from the center of the eye.  These eye wrinkles can run up to the eyebrow and down to the cheek.  These under eye wrinkles are better known as Crows Feet.What causes Eye Wrinkles?Did you ever wonder why children don’t have eye wrinkles as they are constantly opening and closing their eyes too?  The answer is contained in the overall condition of the elasticity of the skin.  Children have a lot of elasticity and their skin easily and readily bounces back after movement.  However, as we age, we lose that elasticity and after a movement, the skin remains folded and an under eye wrinkle eventually forms.What causes the loss of skin elasticity?The easy answer is the sun.  Damaging UV rays from the sun, damage the two main components of the skin, collagen and elastin.  These proteins are the building blocks of skin and are critical for healthy, youthful appearing skin.   Sun damage not only damages collagen and elastin in the skin, but also decreases their production.  The result of the loss of collagen and elastin is skin that loses its elasticity and allows eye wrinkles to form.What can we do to treat eye wrinkles?There are several approaches to treat eye wrinkles.  The first involves relaxing the circular eye muscle around the eye that causes them.  Our goal is to relax the muscle’s movement, not paralyze it.  Botox and Xeomin, are well known neuromodulators that can serve this purpose.  A few relatively painless injections of Botox or Xeomin placed around the eye can help to reduce eye wrinkles and more importantly, prevent new eye wrinkles.  Botox and Xeomin last around 3-4 months, and continued maintenance is required.  If the wrinkles are real deep, then a dermal filler like Juvederm may be required.  Fillers like Juvederm can fill in the wrinkles and also replace lost under eye volume.  Botox and Juvederm work the best together to completely erase eye wrinkles.The other treatment for eye wrinkles is to improve the elasticity of the skin around the eye.  The easiest first step is to use an eye cream.  The most effective eye cream is a retinol or retinoid based product.  Retinol and retinoids actually activate the skin cells to produce new collagen and elastin, actually rejuvenating the skin.  There are many other products that are complementary to retinols and retinoids like Vitamin C, peptides, etc.  Of course none of these products are useful if you do not prevent more sun damage with a sunscreen.More advanced cases of sun damage and eye wrinkles, require procedures that can stimulate even more collagen production.  These procedures include chemical peels, microneedling and laser resurfacing.  Chemical peels can remove several layers of skin and sun damage, replacing it with new skin.  Microneedling involves the use of tiny needles that penetrate the lower layer of skin, the dermis.  The dermis is where collagen and elastin are produced, and the trauma from the microneedles induces the skin cells to produce more.  When the wrinkles and sun damage are severe, laser resurfacing may be needed.  Fractional CO2 laser resurfacing uses tiny laser beams to not only stimulate collagen and elastic production in the dermis, but to also remove the upper layers of the skin.  Each of these procedures have varying levels of discomfort and downtime, and a free consultation can help you decide on the best procedure for your needs.…

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Found in the connective tissue of animals, especially vertebrates, collagen is a group of proteins that  are naturally found in the body. Collagen serves multiple functions for humans, including being the basis for connective and fibrous tissues. At Beleza, most of the focus on collagen is centered on its’ role in skin elasticity and firmness. Collagen serves as the structural support for skin, so as we age, this structure decreases.With time, age and collagen breakdown, skin looses firmness and the ability to bounce back when pulled or stretched. This loss of structure and elasticity allows gravity to take its toll and pull the fatty tissue and skin in the face downward. Wrinkles from expressions begin to linger after the expression is gone and both deep and fine lines appear.Collagen is almost 90% of our skin’s dermis, so the change in the appearance of skin can be dramatic when collagen starts to fade. Around the age of thirty, collagen production in the skin decreases at an average rate of 1% a year. During the next several decades, the slowdown is even more dramatic.So, what do we do to prevent or slow down this collagen breakdown? Some of the factors are environmental and genetic; if your parents and grandparents showed their ages prematurely, it is likely that you will, too.To delay the onset of wrinkles and loss of firmness as long as possible, a few steps can be taken. First, sunscreen. We probably sound like a broken record at this point, but there is nothing better you can do for your skin that slather on sunscreen every single day, and reapply when sweat or swimming is involved. Amp up your protection with sunglasses to shield the delicate skin around the eyes and a wide brimmed hat to provide shade on the face, neck and chest.Second, never forget your antioxidants. Vitamin C and E protect your skin against free radicals and help to rebuild collagen. When you apply skincare products to a clean and dry face, apply them thickest to thinnest; this usually means your Vitamin C and E (generally supplied in the form of a serum) will be applied underneath your thicker lotions and creams.Third, use a retinol. Beleza provides prescriptions for a personalized blend of hydraquinone and retinol, which can produce a drastic difference in skin pigmentation and help to increase collagen production when applied nightly.…

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